What Is CBD Oil?
Most people have heard of an element such as THC, the ingredient in marijuana that causes people to get high. However, recently, public attention has shifted to another constituent element of cannabis - CBD.
Undoubtedly, THC has some side effects that, for a long time, did not allow doctors to treat marijuana as a medical plant. However, CBD is absolutely free from them. The number of shreds of evidence confirming the medical benefits of CBD is growing rapidly. We present you 5 facts that you should know about this component.
CBD is a key ingredient in hemp. A CBD is one of the more than 60 components that make up marijuana. It belongs to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. Along with THC, the concentration of CBD in marijuana is the highest, which makes these components the most recognizable and studied. The level of CBD and THC may vary, depending on the type of plant. Entertainment-grown marijuana contains more THC. Industrial marijuana - more CBD. Modern science has made it possible to grow varieties with high CBD indices and almost zero TGC content.
CBD does not have psychoactive properties. Unlike THC, CBD does not force a person to get high. This, of course, severely limits the use of CBD for entertainment purposes. However, this gives CBD a huge advantage in medicine, because doctors prefer to work with drugs that have a small number of side effects.
The reason why a CBD does not have a psychoactive effect is another interaction with the body, other than THC. In our body, there are receptors called CB1. Most of them are in the brain. It is these receptors that are responsible for the mind-altering effects of the use of THC.
In 2011, a report was published called Current drug safety. According to this, “CBD does not interfere with the work of some psychomotor and psychological functions of the brain.” Many studies also speak of the good tolerability and safety of CBD, even in large doses. Side effects of CBD oil are absent.
Benefits of CBD Oil
CBD has a large number of medical benefits. Although CBD and THC affect the human body differently, many of the effects are quite similar. According to the report of the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, published in 2013, the study showed that CBD has a number of medical properties:
Antiemetic – Reduces Nausea and Vomiting;
Anticonvulsant – Suppresses the activity of seizures;
Antipsychotic – Fights psychosis;
Anti-inflammatory – Fights inflammatory processes;
Antioxidant Fights – Neurodegenerative Disorders;
Antitumor Fights – Tumors and Cancer Cells;
Anxiolytic/Antidepressant – Fights Anxiety and Depressive Disorders.
Unfortunately, most of the properties of CBD were found only in animals, because the number of studies on living patients, so far, is extremely small.
However, the British firm GW Pharmaceuticals recently introduced a medical version of CBD and is now actively sponsoring clinical studies on the use of its apparatus in the treatment of schizophrenia and certain types of epilepsy.
In parallel, a group of researchers at the California Pacific Medical Center, led by Dr. Sean McAlister, said they plan to begin testing on the use of CBD for the treatment of breast cancer.
CBD reduces the negative impact of THC. Cannabidiol can be called a natural shield from the thrill caused by THC. Several studies confirm that CBD reduces some effects of tetrahydrocannabinol, such as memory impairment and paranoia.
Additionally, CBD counteracts the hypnotic effect of THC. That explains why some cannabis varieties have a stimulating effect.
Both elements and CBD and THC do not carry the risk of fatal overdose. However, to limit the potential side effects of THC, medical marijuana users are encouraged to use cannabis varieties with a high level of CBD.
Is Cannabidiol Legal?
Despite tremendous prospects in medicine, in most parts of the world, CBD remains illegal.
Although, there is some progress in this issue. Not so long ago, the US Food and Drug Administration approved a trial test of the pharmaceutical version of CBD on children with a rare form of epilepsy. The medicine is called Epidiolex.
As stated by GW Pharmaceuticals, the drug “more than 98% consists of CBD, with small amounts of other cannabinoids, and does not contain THC.” GW Pharmaceuticals also produces another hemp medicine - Sativex, used in 24 countries to treat multiple sclerosis.
In addition to already created drugs, there is a patent by the US Department of Health and Human Services (No. US6630507 from 2003), which provides for the use of CBD in the treatment of a variety of neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases.
The countries of Central and South America have always been distinguished by progressive policies. According to political analyst Steve Rolles, the United States has a strong influence on Latin American countries, so he believes that the future of CBD largely depends on the position of the US government.
is CBD hemp oil legal in EU? In November 2018, the Luxembourg government promised to legalize cannabis by 2023. Swiss authorities have launched a research project aimed at assessing the effects of cannabis on human health. Medical CBD has already been legalized in Germany and the UK. France is likely to follow its example and allow cannabinoids to be used for treatment by the end of 2019. From the Scandinavian countries, the idea of legalizing cannabis was supported only in Norway.